Kelp Forest Plants


Although the Kelp forest is dominated by the giant kelp, there are other plants that live there. Below are pictures and facts about some of these plants. 


Surf Grass
Copyright Phillip Colla,
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Surf grass has an anchoring system that withstands tidal currents and moderate wave action. Seagrasses are able to reproduce in an aquatic medium. This adaptation called hydrophilly, which is unique to aquatic plants, allows the surf grass to perform both surface and completely submerged pollination!


Bossiella Red Coralline Algae Bossiella sp - upright, red coralline algae. Calcareous sections are heart-shaped.


Surf Grass Red Coralline Algae Calliarthron sp. - upright, red coralline algae. Calcareous sections are either long and thin or flattened. Commonly forms large turfs.


Corallina Red Coralline Algae Corallina sp. - upright, red coralline algae. More highly branched than Bossiella or Calliarthron. Calcareous sections are thin. Commonly forms large turfs.


Fauchea Fauchea sp. - small, red foliose algae which is iridescent blue underwater.


Cystoseira osmundacea Cystoseira osmundacea - brown understory algae. Reprodutive structures can form a surface canopy in the summer.


Pictures of the Kelp Forest


Gas Bladders
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Kelp Forest Low lying Kelp
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Fronds
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Current
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Sunlight through Fronds
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Canopy
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Tidal Zone
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Daylight
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