Mangrove Swamp Animals


An enormous variety of wildlife is found in Mangrove swamps. Some organisms live attached to the trunks and lower branches of the mangroves. Others live up in the top branches and others live within or above the muddy sediment between the trees. Animals from both the marine and terrestrial environments can be found in the mangroves. Below you will find some of the animals and insects found in the Mangrove Swamp, along with interesting facts and links to more information about each. 


Saltwater Crocodile
Hear a juvenile's
hatching call
Saltwater Crocodile - Saltwater crocodiles are the largest of all the crocodilian species. Although reported to exceed 27 feet in the wild, individuals over 17 feet are rare. Several crocodilian species can use their tail to propel almost their entire body out of the water!


Jabiru Jabiru - one of the largest birds in the New World, the Jabiru stands 5 feet tall and has a wingspan of 8 feet. Its heavy bill is about 12 inches long and is perfectly designed to catch fish, frogs and snakes. This stork is endangered in all of its habitat areas.


Water Buffalo Water Buffalo- the water buffalo is the largest buffalo, growing to a weight of about 2½ tons, and has the greatest horn spread of any living bovid. Buffalo are similar in appearance and habits to oxen.


Flamingo
Listen to a
Flock of Flamingos
Flamingo - Adult flamingos' legs are long and spindled. The legs are longer than the flamingo's body! A newly hatched chick’s bill is straight, then develops the characteristic curve as it matures!


Sea Snake Sea Snake - Sea snakes are similar in appearance to land snakes, however have up to 10 times more venom than the the king cobra! Very well adapted to a marine existence, sea snakes have a flattened paddle-like tail which aids swimming.


Flying Fox (fruit bat)
Listen to a Flying Fox
Flying Fox - fruit bats are beneficial to the trees because they act as pollinators and dispersers of their seeds. Camps are places where the large flying-foxes gather during the day, sometimes by the thousands. The same campsites tend to be used year after year, although not necessarily every year, or all year round.


Fiddler Crab Fiddler Crab - it is only the male Fiddler crab that has one claw significantly larger than the other. The male uses it to court females. If for some reason the larger claw is lost, the remaining smaller claw will grow larger and the lost claw re-grows as the smaller one! Fiddler crabs can't swim!


Great Egret
Listen to a Great Egret
Great Egret - considering their large size, these birds can maneuver with surprising ease through the branches of trees and shrubs. Egrets stand motionless for long periods, then quickly skewer their prey with its long, sharp beak!


Mangrove Monitor
Mangrove Monitor - Monitor lizards are semiaquatic and spend much of their time in or near water. Most adult Mangrove monitors average between 2 1/2 and 4 feet in length (including tail).


Borneo Mudskipper Mudskipper - Mudskippers are gobies that have become adapted to an amphibious lifestyle. Mudskippers range in size from 6 to 10 inches. Beneath the surface of the water, the Mudskipper digs mudflat burrows that are used for refuge and spawning.


Swamp Wallaby Swamp Wallaby - Wallabies are browsers. They will eat leaves and plants, including some that are poisonous to humans, such as hemlock. Swamp Wallabies are nocturnal, and hop heavily with their body well bent over and the head held low"The newborn wallaby, like all members of the kangaroo family, is about the size of a jellybean and is little more than a fetus.


Bees
Buzz of a Honey Bee
Bees- some bees live in colonies (honey bee abd bumblebee), while others are solitary (carpenter bee and squash bee). Bees play an important role as pollinators for the many plants in nature.


Roseate Spoonbill Roseate Spoonbill - when feeding, the Spoonbill sweeps this bill rapidly from side to side, picking up small crustaceans from the water. The bill is not used as a scoop, but as a super-sensitive forceps. A network of nerves in the bill allows the bird to feed in clouded water or probe in mud, where invisible prey must be felt to be caught!


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