Mangrove Swamp Plants

Mangrove Swamp plants have adapted to muddy, shifting, saline conditions. They produce stilt roots which project above the mud and water in order to absorb oxygen. Awash in saltwater and up to their knees in mud, the plants in a Mangrove Swamp have clever ways of coping with their environment. Mangrove plants form communities which help to stabilise banks and coastlines and become home to many types of animals. . Below you will find some of the plants found in the Mangrove Swamp, along with interesting facts and links to more information about each. 

Black Mangrove Black Mangrove - have underground roots that form a dense mat and send up thin, vertical roots from beneath the soggy ground. These "air roots", called pneumatophores, which may be a foot or so high, absorb oxygen from the air when the underground roots are covered.

Red Mangrove
Red Mangrove - grows seaward with high arched prop roots extending out in tiers that turn downward from the trunk. It gives the illusion of trees on 'stilts'. Oysters attach themselves to these roots where they are covered during high tide. The underwater roots of Red mangroves serve as nurseries for newborn fish.

White Mangrove White Mangrove - often occurs at the landward edge of Mangrove Swamps in a stunted form. The leaves are glossy green above with a distinctive pale grey underside which is also slightly hairy. The most readily distinguishable feature of the white mangrove is the presences of numerous spongy pneumatophores(peg roots) which spread out around the base of the tree. Peg roots grow vertically through the soil surface to allow the mangrove to breathe.

Sea Oat Sea Oat- the endangered plant, sea oats (Uniola paniculata), is primarily responsible for the stability of the dunes on Georgia's barrier islands. Without sea oats, the barrier islands would soon be destroyed by the ocean.

Melaleuca Tree Melaleuca - native to Australia and valued there, this tree has found its way to the wetlands of Florida. True to form, as a non-native species it is taking over habitat that would normally be covered with beneficial flora.

Reeds Reeds - between 3 and 12 feet in height. Reeds grows abundantly in flooded areas or where the underground water level is high. At the top of the plant the stem is a brown, plume-like tuft. The plant's roots generate a series of runners, of up to 12 feet in length, from which the aerial parts are regenerated each year.

Saltbush Saltbush - a many branched shrub that grows about 12 feet tall. It grows in just about any type of soil, including soil high in saline content, and does best in full sun. Its flowers look like silvery plumes.

Fern Ferns- ferns were thriving on Earth for two hundred million years before the flowering plants evolved! Most ferns are leafy plants that grow in moist areas under forest canopy. Ferns reproduce from spores and an intermediate plant stage called a gametophyte.

Habiscus - brilliantly colored, these flowers attract bees and other insects in the Mangrove Swamps. The cotton plant is also a member of this group.

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